With a very high content of water, it’s no wonder if watermelon is the right choice to quench your thirst, especially when the weather is hot. The fruit with Latin name Citrullus vulgaris Schrad is originated from Africa and was first cultivated in Egypt, where their presence is recorded in hieroglyphics on temple walls.
It has thick skin with a variety of colors, like dark green, slightly yellow-white, or light green and white striped. Its flesh is colored red, pink, orange (orange), yellow, even white.
Together with melon, squash and pumpkin, watermelon which has moisture content up to 92%, is included a part of Cucurbitaceae family. Not just that watermelon is a really delicious fruit, the fruit is also packed with nutrients that can fight several diseases. Therefore, this fruit must be put in a list for your healthy diet.
The content and benefits of Watermelon
Antioxidants found in watermelon are very strong and can neutralize free radicals in the body and fight disease. The pulp is low in calories and contains lots of water, protein, carbohydrates, fats, fiber and vitamins (A, B and C). One cup of watermelon is known to contain approximately 25% daily intake of vitamin C, while its content of vitamin A in the form of beta-carotene is able to protect our body against macular degeneration, one of the major causes of age-related blindness. It also provides a dose of thiamin, potassium, magnesium and rich in potassium which can help normalize the heart and blood pressure. Watermelon also contains natural ingredients that can relieve the inflammation, the main factors that contribute to asthma, arthritis, atherosclerosis, diabetes and colon cancer.
All parts of the plant, the fruit, bark and seeds can be used for health. Its rind is used to treat swelling due to fluid deposits in renal disease, diabetes (diabetes mellitus), hangover, and migraine. The flesh is efficacious to overcome fatigue, fever, thirst with dry mouth, bad breath, pain when urinating, constipation, sore throat, thrush, hepatitis, hypertension, erectile dysfunction (impotence), increasing male fertility and high uric acid, while the seeds, can be used for the treatment of inflammation of the liver, inflammation of the intestinal mucous membrane, bladder infections, anemia (anemia), and malnutrition.
Watermelon with pink flesh is one of the most popular varieties, which is also a source of lycopene, which can fight cancer properties. In traditional Chinese medicine, watermelon is also used against the form of “summer heat”, a disease with symptoms like excessive sweating, thirst, body temperature increases, the clear color of urine, diarrhea, and irritability.
Do not eat watermelon with palm sugar since it can form toxins, which can cause cramps and diarrhea to cause death. These toxins can be disturbing, especially to people with weak digestive system.